Is your neck the cause of your shoulder injuries?

You’ve heard the phrase before, “it’s all connected”. This phrase is certainly true for shoulder injuries.

It’s hard to believe at times but issues at certain joints (e.g. hip) can manifest as pain in other joints (e.g. knee).

shoulder injuries
Movement Revolution Classes helping you on your way to a full and long-lasting recovery after an injury or if you’re looking to improve sports performance.

Our anatomy is complex and there is a vast amount of ligaments, nerves, bones and muscles that mould together like a perfect jig-saw. To function normally and without pain, all of these structures have to work in harmony to allow you to move and live your life.

If you’re reading this blog there’s a good chance that you are doing so because you want to find the root cause of your shoulder pain. There are many reasons why you could suffer from shoulder injuries and there is any number of structures that could be involved.

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Reduce Shoulder Pain)

A key thing to consider however and the focus of this blog is that shoulder injuries can be referred or caused by limitations in other closely related joints. Your shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body and allows movement through 180 degrees in a variety of different directions.

It is also intrinsically linked to your neck, with many muscles that attach to your shoulder blade and collarbone originating from the neck (see image below).

Is your neck the cause of your shoulder pain? 

Is your neck causing your shoulder injuries?

This network of muscles is important to consider when you have shoulder pain. For example, when your body senses danger (e.g. an injury) in a region such as the neck it can respond by causing the muscles around the area to go into spasm.

Spasm is a state in which muscles are caught in a state of contraction. This is a protective response to encourage us to limit movement in that region while the tissue heals. However sometimes this “protective response” can linger on after an injury is healed (e.g. whiplash) and the muscles can remain in a state of spasm. 

As you can imagine this state of spasm changes how we move and can cause certain muscles to work more than they usually do causing shoulder injuries. Simply put, if a certain group of muscles aren’t firing on all cylinders there will be another group of muscles that will have to pick up the slack.

Over time this can lead to muscle imbalances and altered movement patterns which can lead to shoulder injuries. In clinic we often see that the neck is the culprit, with the shoulder been the victim.

Doing some light pain-free stretching will most likely reduced your back pain.
The team here at APC are always on hand to help.

So identifying and addressing any old injuries in other joints is something we aim to do early in our physiotherapy assessments. Often by improving mobility and strength at the neck we see big improvements in shoulder movement and pain.

Shoulder injuries can also be the result of nerve issues in the neck and so treatment is much different to somebody with a rotator cuff tear.

Rotator Cuff Rehab
Patrick Hanley APC Fermoy & Cork demonstrating Rotator Cuff rehab exercises

We often see in our clinics in Cork and Fermoy patients who have tried shoulder exercises that they find online. While this may work in some cases, if the exercise is not addressing the root cause it often won’t help. (Here’s a video we did recently on the topic!)

If you have shoulder pain and are unsure if physiotherapy can help you, you can arrange a free 15 minute physiotherapy taster session over the phone or in our Fermoy or Cork clinic to discuss your concerns.

We would be more than happy to help and can advise you on your best course of action.

If you have any other queries or you are not quite sure where to begin, feel free to contact us online here, via email, or over the phone.

You can also avail of a free 15-minute physio consultation in the clinic with one of our physiotherapists. You can book online at Or

Give us a call on 02535015 Fermoy Main Office or APC Cork, Club Vitae Clinic calls can be made to 085 7740559 today to talk through any questions and concerns you may have. Thanks for reading!